In my Regency novels, I have a lot of fun naming characters, but one of my favourites is naming the modistes for great female artists. I’ve used Lebrun, duParc, and in Particular Intentions and its sequel, Madame Guiard for the portraitist Adélaïde Labille-Guiard.
Adélaïde Labille was born in 1749 and was the daughter of a Paris shopkeeper (Coincidentally, her father owned a fashion boutique 🙂 ). She first studied as a miniaturist before joining the Académie de Saint-Luc or the Paris Guild in 1774, and later studied history paintings and portraits. In 1783, she was admitted to the Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture and was later awarded the title Peintre des Mesdames (painter to the king’s aunts), an apartment at the Louvre, and a government pension of 2,000 lives.
She continued to show at the Salon through the French Revolution, and unlike her contemporary, Elisabeth Vigee-Lebrun, she supported the French Revolution and remained in not only France, but kept to Paris for a long time. However, the new regime closed down the Académie Royale and banned women from joining the groups that succeeded it. She was also ordered to destroy some of her “royalist” works. She then waited out the remainder of the Terror in the countryside with her partner François-André Vincent and her student, Marie Gabrielle Capet.
Despite her exclusion from the French art world, Labille-Guiard continued to show, even though she received little notice after her exclusion from the Académie. Throughout her career Labille-Guiard used her experience and talent to train aspiring female artists and was no doubt a great influence with her talent and her ambition. She died in 1803.
4 thoughts on “Sources of Inspiration: Artists as Modistes – Adélaïde Labille-Guiard”
Interesting…stayed in Paris – how brave! Sadly her bravery was not rewarded. Thanks for sharing.
No, she became obscure after the height of the revolution. Thanks, Sheila!
Her self-portrait is so lush! The dresses you can just imagine the silkiness of them. I went and checked out other paintings by her and she definitely was a master! Each jumps off the canvas. Love it! It is quite unfortunate she had to destroy some of her works.
She was definitely amazing! I had never heard of her until I took a Women in Art and Culture class. I was a huge fan of mostly Impressionism before that class, but have a huge respect and admiration for many of these women. They found success in a world that was pitted against them and even most art history classes are geared more towards the successes of the male artists at this time. Part of her falling out of favour was because she refused to destroy those works. She may have been in favour of the revolution, but wouldn’t part with the results of her time and effort. Thanks, Carole!